The Environmental Mapping and Analysis Program (EnMAP) is a German hyperspectral satellite mission that aims at monitoring and characterising the Earth’s environment on a global scale. EnMAP serves to measure and model key dynamic processes of the Earth’s ecosystems by extracting geochemical, biochemical and biophysical parameters, which provide information on the status and evolution of various terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems.
Once operating, EnMAP will provide unique data needed to address major environmental challenges related to human activity and climate change. The mission’s main objective is to study and decipher coupled environmental processes and to assist and promote the sustainable management of the Earth’s resources. Despite being a primarily scientific mission, EnMAP has a clear potential to evolve towards operational service.
- Dedicated imaging pushbroom hyperspectral sensor mainly based on modified existing or pre-developed technology
- Broad spectral range from 420 nm to 1000 nm (VNIR) and from 900 nm to 2450 nm (SWIR) with high radiometric resolution and stability in both spectral ranges
- Swath width 30km at high spatial resolution of 30 m x 30 m and off-nadir (30°) pointing feature for fast target revisit (4 days)
- Sufficient on-board memory to acquire 1,000 km swath length per orbit and a total of 5,000 km per day.
The EnMAP Mission is devided into five phases with respect to the missions progress. Currently, the EnMAP mission is in the development and production phase (Phase D). All mission components are to be verified and validated, full readiness of the ground segment for in-orbit operations has been ensured and utilization for spacecraft in-orbit operations has been authorized.